Three-dimensional architecture of scar and conducting channels based on high resolution ce-CMR: Insights for ventricular tachycardia ablation

  • Fernández-Armenta J
  • Berruezo A
  • Andreu D
 et al. 
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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Conducting channels are the target for ventricular tachycardia (VT) ablation. Conducting channels could be identified with contrast enhanced-cardiac magnetic resonance (ce-CMR) as border zone (BZ) corridors. A 3-dimensional (3D) reconstruction of the ce-CMR could allow visualization of the 3D structure of these BZ channels. METHODS AND RESULTS: We included 21 patients with healed myocardial infarction and VT. A 3D high-resolution 3T ce-CMR was performed before CARTO-guided VT ablation. The left ventricular wall was segmented and characterized using a pixel signal intensity algorithm at 5 layers (endocardium, 25%, 50%, 75%, epicardium). A 3D color-coded shell map was obtained for each layer to depict the scar core and BZ distribution. The presence/characteristics of BZ channels were registered for each layer. Scar area decreased progressively from endocardium to epicardium (scar area/left ventricular area: 34.0±17.4% at endocardium, 24.1±14.7% at 25%, 16.3±12.1% at 50%, 13.1±10.4 at 75%, 12.1±9.3% at epicardium; P

Author-supplied keywords

  • Catheter ablation
  • Conducting channels
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Ventricular tachycardia

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