Three-dimensional transfer functions for high-aperture systems

  • Sheppard C
  • Kawata Y
  • Kawata S
 et al. 
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Abstract

The scalar three-dimensional optical transfer function is derived without using the paraxial approximation. The weak-object transfer function for a partially coherent system with equal condenser and objective apertures and the coherent transfer function for a confocal transmission system are of identical form. The coherent transfer function of a confocal reflection system is also derived. Both uniform angular illumination and systems obeying the sine condition are considered. In all cases the transfer functions can be expressed analytically.

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Authors

  • C. J. R. Sheppard

  • Y. Kawata

  • S. Kawata

  • Min Gu

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