Tongue musculature and the feature of tension in English vowels

  • Raphael L
  • Bell Berti F
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Electromyographic techniques were employed to discover which, if any, intrinsic and extrinsic tongue muscles displayed a difference in overall amount of activity corresponding to the traditional tense-lax distinction between members of the English vowel pairs /i-I/, /e-epsilon/, and /u-u/. Although some muscles revealed a consistent difference, most did not. Even for those muscles where a tense-lax difference was found, the data do not support the notion that tension was a necessary of sufficient differentia of production

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  • L. J. Raphael

  • F. Bell Berti

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