Tool use and related errors in ideational apraxia: The quantitative simulation of patient error profiles

  • Cooper R
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The behaviour of ideational apraxic patients on simple tasks involving multiple objects is typically marked by a variety of errors. While some of these errors concern the sequential organisation of action through time, many relate to the misuse of, or failure to use, necessary or appropriate tools. In this paper we apply the computational model of Cooper and Shallice (2000) to five standard multiple object tasks used in clinical assessment and demonstrate how, when lesioned, the model can account for the error profiles of two ideational apraxic patients discussed by Rumiati et al. (2001). Application of the model to the multiple object tasks demonstrates the generality of the model, while the account of the error profiles extends previous work (Cooper et al., 2005) in which ideational apraxia was argued to arise from a generalised disturbance of object representations that are held to trigger action schemas.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Action selection errors
  • Cognitive modelling
  • Ideational apraxia
  • Interactive activation network

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