Topical Allium ampeloprasum Subsp Iranicum (Leek) Extract Cream in Patients With Symptomatic Hemorrhoids: A Pilot Randomized and Controlled Clinical Trial

  • Mosavat S
  • Ghahramani L
  • Sobhani Z
 et al. 
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Abstract

Allium ampeloprasum subsp iranicum (Leek) has been traditionally used in antihemorrhoidal topical herbal formulations. This study aimed to evaluate its safety and efficacy in a pilot randomized controlled clinical trial. Twenty patients with symptomatic hemorrhoids were randomly allocated to receive the topical leek extract cream or standard antihemorrhoid cream for 3 weeks. The patients were evaluated before and after the intervention in terms of pain, defecation discomfort, bleeding severity, anal itching severity, and reported adverse events. A significant decrease was observed in the grade of bleeding severity and defecation discomfort in both the leek and antihemorrhoid cream groups after the intervention, while no significant change was observed in pain scores. There was no significant difference between the leek and antihemorrhoid cream groups with regard to mean changes in outcome measures. This pilot study showed that the topical use of leek cream can be as effective as a standard antihemorrhoid cream. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved)

Author-supplied keywords

  • allium ampeloprasum
  • hemorrhoids
  • herbal medicine
  • traditional Persian medicine

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