Bangladesh is one of the most electricity deprived nations in the world. Despite large potential for renewable energy sources in Bangladesh, currently their contribution to the electricity supply remains insignificant. Use of renewable energy is considered an indispensable component of sustainable energy systems, as renewables emit less greenhouse gas emissions compared to fossil fuel energy systems. However, to advance such sustainable energy systems, appropriate strategies and institutional settings need to be put in place for all nations. To address this, this article examines Bangladesh's current energy strategies and institutional settings and investigates future strategies for the advancement of renewables. This article argues that further significant efforts could be made toward energy sustainability in Bangladesh and the development for a national sustainable energy strategy. Among other future strategies, implementation of the Clean Development Mechanism under the Kyoto Protocol could assist in facilitation of energy sustainability for Bangladesh. © 2008 Sage Publications.
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