Trace gas and particle emissions from fires in large diameter and belowground biomass fuels

  • Bertschi I
  • Yokelson R
  • Ward D
 et al. 
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We adopt a working definition of residual smoldering combustion (RSC) as biomass combustion that produces emissions that are not lofted by strong fire-induced convection. RSC emissions can be produced for up to several weeks after the passage of a flame front and they are mostly unaffected by flames. Fuels prone to RSC include downed logs, duff, and organic soils. Limited observations in the tropics and the boreal forest suggest that RSC is a globally significant source of emissions to the troposphere. This source was previously uncharacterized. We measured the first emission factors (EF) for RSC in a series of laboratory fires and in a wooded savanna in Zambia, Africa. We report EFRSC for both particles with diameter

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  • Isaac Bertschi

  • Robert J. Yokelson

  • Darold E. Ward

  • Ron E. Babbitt

  • Ronald A. Susott

  • Jon G. Goode

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