Trait Judgments about the Self: Evidence from the Encoding Specificity Paradigm

  • Klein S
  • Loftus J
  • Plog A
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Previous work (e.g., S. B. Klein et al; see record 1989-31886-001) has provided support for the trait summary view which argues that trait judgments are made by referring directly to abstract, summary knowledge of one's traits in memory. A potential limitation of that paradigm is discussed, and results are reported from a new paradigm that is not subject to the same concerns. Data on the self-judgment process were gathered from 57 undergraduates in a 3 * 3 mixed factorial design, with study task varied between Ss and recognition task varied within Ss. Findings support the conclusion that trait self-descriptiveness judgments do not require the retrieval of trait-relevant autobiographical memories.

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  • S. B. Klein

  • J. Loftus

  • a. E. Plog

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