Treatment of Attentional and Hyperactivity Problems in Children with Sympathomimetic Drugs: A Comprehensive Review

  • JACOBVITZ D
  • SROUFE L
  • STEWART M
 et al. 
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Abstract

Issues concerning sympathomimetic drug treatment of children with attentional problems and hyperactivity are considered in light of cumulative and current research. These issues concern the atypical or “paradoxical” drug response of such children, predictability of drug response from neurological or biochemical assessments, and, especially, long-term outcome or effectiveness of sympathomimetic medication. Short-term drug effects on behavior and performance are well documented. However, follow-up studies that exist presently suggest little long-term impact of sympathomimetic drugs on school achievement, peer relationships, or behavior problems in adolescence. Questions remain concerning development of tolerance in children, ways to define subgroups of disordered children who may respond uniquely to stimulants, the efficacy of medication in combination with other treatments, and possible long-term negative consequences of medication. J. Am. Acad. Child Adolesc. Psychiatry, 1990, 29, 5:677–688.

Author-supplied keywords

  • attention deficit disorder
  • hyperactivity
  • methylphenidate
  • outcome
  • stimulants
  • sympathomimetic

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Authors

  • DEBORAH JACOBVITZ

  • L. ALAN SROUFE

  • MARK STEWART

  • NANCY LEFFERT

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