Tumescent local anesthesia for hand surgery: improved results, cost effectiveness, and wide-awake patient satisfaction.

  • Lalonde D
  • Martin A
  • 34


    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • N/A


    Citations of this article.


This is a review article of the wide-awake approach to hand surgery. More than 95% of all hand surgery can now be performed without a tourniquet. Epinephrine is injected with lidocaine for hemostasis and anesthesia instead of a tourniquet and sedation. This is sedation-free surgery, much like a visit to a dental office. The myth of danger of using epinephrine in the finger is reviewed. The wide awake technique is greatly improving results in tendon repair, tenolysis, and tendon transfer. Here, we will explain its advantages.

Author-supplied keywords

  • 10
  • 2014
  • 2234-6163
  • 2234-6171
  • 312
  • 312-316
  • 4
  • 41
  • 5 aug 2013
  • 5999
  • 8 sep 2013
  • accepted
  • aps
  • arch plast surg 2014
  • doi
  • dx
  • eissn
  • epinephrine
  • http
  • local anesthesia
  • org
  • paper
  • pissn
  • purpose of this review
  • received
  • revised
  • tourniquet

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document


  • Donald Lalonde

  • Alison Martin

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free