Two forms of racism and their related outcomes: The bad and the ugly

  • Tougas F
  • Desruisseaux J
  • Desrochers A
 et al. 
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Two experiments investigated the related outcomes of two forms of racism among college students (413 in the first and 374 in the second experiment) enrolled in a program leading to careers in law enforcement such as police officers. The two forms of racism were the overt, traditional type whereby visible minorities are denigrated the basis of innate characteristics, and the subtle type called neoracism, which incorporates egalitarian values and negative beliefs in the blame of visible minorities for undeserved gains and overall social problems. The design of the experiments allowed for a reality check that they pertained to racial issues relevant to training and work in law enforcement. Experiment 1 showed, as hypothesized, that although both forms of racism are linked, only neoracism is associated with covert attitudes (i.e., unfavourable reactions to employment equity), and traditional racism is related to overt discriminatory behavioural intentions. Experiment 2 investigated the impact of priming a negative reaction to a visible minority on the pattern of these links. Under such conditions the observed links strongly suggest that respondents regress to old norms as neoracism is then associated with both covert negative attitudes and overt discriminatory behavioural intentions. The theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved)(journal abstract)

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  • Francine Tougas

  • Jean Claude Desruisseaux

  • Alain Desrochers

  • Line St-Pierre

  • Andrea Perrino

  • Roxane De La Sablonnière

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