Two-dimensional potential and charge distributions of positive surface streamer

  • Tanaka D
  • Matsuoka S
  • Kumada A
 et al. 
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Abstract

Information on the potential and the field profile along a surface discharge is required for quantitatively discussing and clarifying the propagation mechanism. The sensing technique with a Pockels crystal has been developed for directly measuring the potential and electric field distribution on a dielectric material. In this paper, the Pockels sensing system consists of a pulse laser and a CCD camera for measuring the instantaneous two-dimensional potential distribution on a 25.4 mm square area with a 50 µm sampling pitch. The temporal resolution is 3.2 ns which is determined by the pulse width of the laser emission. The transient change in the potential distribution of a positive surface streamer propagating in atmospheric air is measured with this system. The electric field and the charge distributions are also calculated from the measured potential profile. The propagating direction component of the electric field near the tip of the propagating streamer reaches 3 kV mm −1 . When the streamer stops, the potential distribution along a streamer forms an almost linear profile with the distance from the electrode, and its gradient is about 0.5 kV mm −1 . (Some figures in this article are in colour only in the electronic version)

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Authors

  • Daiki Tanaka

  • Shigeyasu Matsuoka

  • Akiko Kumada

  • Kunihiko Hidaka

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