A universal law of the characteristic return time near thresholds

  • Wissel C
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Abstract

Dramatic changes at thresholds in multiple stable ecosystems may be irreversible if caused by man. The characteristic return time to an equilibrium in- creases when a threshold is approached. A universal law for this increase is found, which may be used to forecast the position of a threshold by extrapolation of empirical data. Harvesting experiments on populations are proposed that can be used to verify the method. Preliminary harvesting experiments on rotifer popu- lations display a good agreement with the theory.

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Authors

  • C. Wissel

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