Unsteady air bubble entrainment and detrainment at a plunging breaker: Dominant time scales and similarity of water level variations

  • Chanson H
  • Aoki S
  • Maruyama M
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At plunging breakers, air bubbles are entrained at the impingement of the water jet, formed at the top of the wave, with the water free surface in front. During the present study, air bubble entrainment at a pseudo-plunging breaker was investigated at near full-scale and further experimental work studied the bubble detrainment process. Experimental observations included the generation and propagation of waves downstream of the plunge point. Experimental results highlighted a number of unsteady air-water flow patterns and emphasise high levels of aeration: i.e., depth-averaged void fraction of more than 10% next to jet impact in shallow waters. Unsteady bubble injection experiments showed a strong vortical motion induced by the rising bubbles. Altogether, the results suggest that a dominant time scale is the bubble rise time dt/unwhich cannot be scaled properly with an undistorted Froude model. The study contributes to a better understanding of unsteady bubble entrainment at a pseudo-plunging breaker and the associated vortical circulation. © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Detrainment
  • Entrainment
  • Water level variations

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  • Hubert Chanson

  • Shin Ichi Aoki

  • Mamoru Maruyama

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