Sensor network localization continues to be an important research challenge. The goal of localization is to assign geographic coordinates to each node in the sensor network. Localization schemes for sensor network systems should work with inexpensive off-the-shelf hardware, scale to large networks, and also achieve good accuracy in the presence of irregularities and obstacles in the deployment area. We present a novel approach for localization that can satisfy all of these desired properties. Recent developments in sensor network clustering algorithms have resulted in distributed algorithms that produce highly regular clusters. We propose to make use of this regularity to inform our localization algorithm. The main advantages of our approach are that our protocol requires only three randomly-placed nodes that know their geographic coordinates, and does not require any ranging or positioning equipment (i.e., no signal strength measurement, ultrasound ranging, or directional antennas are needed). So far, only the DV-Hop localization mechanism worked with the same assumptions 1. We show that our proposed approach may outperform DV-Hop in certain scenarios, in particular when there exist large obstacles in the deployment field, or when the deployment area is free of obstacles but the number of anchors is limited.
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