Utility of the NIH stroke scale as a predictor of hospital disposition

  • Schlegel D
  • Kolb S
  • Luciano J
 et al. 
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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Early identification of stroke patients in need of rehabilitation or long-term nursing facility (NF) care may promote more efficient use of health care resources and lead to better outcomes. The NIH Stroke Scale (NIHSS) is an attractive candidate predictor of disposition because it is widely used, is easily learned, and can be performed rapidly on admission. METHODS: We present a retrospective study of stroke patients admitted within 24 hours of symptom onset to a university hospital from March through June 2000. Medical records were reviewed for demographic information, stroke type, prestroke living arrangement and independence, initial NIHSS, and medical complications during hospitalization. RESULTS: Among 94 patients evaluated during the study period, 59% were discharged home, 30% to rehabilitation, and 11% to NF. In multivariate analyses, disposition was associated only with initial NIHSS. For each 1-point increase in NIHSS, the likelihood of going home was significantly reduced (odds ratio, 0.79; 95% CI, 0.70 to 0.89, P13 with NF (P

Author-supplied keywords

  • Nursing homes
  • Rating scales
  • Stroke, acute

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  • Daniel Schlegel

  • Stephen J. Kolb

  • Jean M. Luciano

  • Jennifer M. Tovar

  • Brett L. Cucchiara

  • David S. Liebeskind

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