The divorce has contributed to a change in family structure associated to a decline in the quality of the marital relationship with implications for personal, interpersonal and social life that has been increasing in the last years. Participants were 165 women separated and divorced, with at least one child of the marriage, with current ages between 24 and 55 that answered the Inventory of Women's Experiences in the Process of Separation or Divorce (IWEPSD). The factor analysis revealed five dimensions: dysfunctionality, marital conflict, emotionality, social support and adaptation. The marital dysfunctionality is focused the marital crisis and conflict during the marriage; conflict brings us to the relationship with the former spouse; emotionality is focused on the feelings experienced in the process of separation; social support emphasizes the role of family and friends during the process of separation and divorce and finally, the adaptation dimension brings us to the process of adaptation to the separation process. The internal consistency for the five dimensions showed alphas between.72 and.82 which explained 49.25% of the total variance. Thus, the inventory of women's experiences of the process of separation or divorce meets the necessary conditions to be used as a screening tool to identify women with difficulties in the adaptation process to separation and divorce.
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