Value of a risk scoring tool to predict respiratory syncytial virus disease severity and need for hospitalization in term infants

  • Mosalli R
  • Abdul Moez A
  • Janish M
 et al. 
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Abstract

Several environmental and demographic risk factors have been validated and are used to determine the risk of acquiring severe respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection and subsequent hospitalization in late preterm infants born at 33-35 weeks gestational age. The applicability of the same composite model of risk factors in the term population has not been fully explored. The primary objective of this pilot study was to establish whether a risk scoring tool (RST), could predict the severity of RSV infection in term, RSV-positive infants who were hospitalized. A retrospective observational study was conducted in a pediatric unit, over 2 RSV seasons (2011-2013). A convenient sample of 72 children was selected out of a total of 111 RSV-positive cases after exclusions. The RST was applied and a score of respiratory disease severity was determined for each patient. Demographic characteristics were analyzed by standard descriptive methods, chi2 analysis was utilized for categorical data and ANOVA for comparison between the clinical severity groups and the RST score. A P-value

Author-supplied keywords

  • respiratory syncytial virus
  • risk scoring tool
  • severity
  • term infants

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Authors

  • R Mosalli

  • A M Abdul Moez

  • M Janish

  • B Paes

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