Pentacene deposited onto a Ag(111) surface at 300 K is studied using scanning tunneling microscopy at temperatures of 300 and 50 K, providing structural insight into its unusual growth habit. At room temperature, an unexpectedly high pentacene coverage is needed to nucleate ordered pentacene islands, which appear surrounded by a disordered pentacene phase. These room temperature pentacene nuclei are revealed as bilayer structures from their coverage-dependent size evolution and molecularly resolved images of domain boundaries, recorded at 50 K. At this reduced temperature, two different monolayer phases with long-range order and commensurate with the Ag(111) surface lattice further emerge. These two monolayer phases exhibit comparable (0.7 vs 0.8 molecule/nm(2)) packing densities, but distinct intermolecular registration and alignment with respect to the silver sublattice.
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