Very early-age reaction kinetics and microstructural development in alkali-activated slag

  • Gebregziabiher B
  • Thomas R
  • Peethamparan S
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Abstract

The early age reaction kinetics and microstructural development in alkali-activated slag binder are discussed. In-situ isothermal calorimetry was used to characterize the reaction progression in sodium hydroxide and sodium silicate-activated slag binders cured at ambient temperature. Microstructure and strength development were monitored to correlate the heat evolution with the property development. In-situ isothermal calorimetric data for sodium hydroxide-activated systems exhibited only one major heat evolution peak with no dormant period. Sodium silicate-activated pastes exhibited multiple peaks and extended dormant periods. Microstructural evolution, monitored using BSE-SEM, showed rapid product formation on the surface of slag grains in sodium hydroxide-activated systems, forming thin reaction shells - the thickness of which was related to the activator concentration - and leading to diffusion controlled hydration at a very early stage. Sodium silicate-activated systems exhibited slow and progressive product formation, predominately nucleated from the solution. These results are supported by electron mapping and electron dispersive X-ray spectroscopy.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Alkali activated slag
  • BSEM
  • Hydration
  • In-situ isothermal calorimetry
  • Mechanism
  • Microstructure

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