The victory of popular forces or passive revolution? A neo-Gramscian perspective on democratisation

  • Abrahamsen R
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Abstract

Democratic reform in Africa is traditionally perceived as motivated by either internal or external factors. The recent trend to reduce the democratization process to simple domestic functions ignores both overt & subtle exogenous pressures, while historical efforts at describing the process as externally influenced often portray African citizens as completely passive & subject to the designs of international drives. While the internal/external dichotomy may serve as a simple heuristic distinction, it possesses little value in accurately reflecting the interaction of forces that affect the democratic process. A neo-Gramscian perspective, focused on the concepts of hegemony & passive revolution, provides one means of integrating internal & external factors: the active efforts of the national & the self-promotional agenda of the international. J. Goldschmidt

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Authors

  • Rita Abrahamsen

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