The victory of popular forces or passive revolution? A neo-Gramscian perspective on democratisation

  • Abrahamsen R
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Democratic reform in Africa is traditionally perceived as motivated by either internal or external factors. The recent trend to reduce the democratization process to simple domestic functions ignores both overt & subtle exogenous pressures, while historical efforts at describing the process as externally influenced often portray African citizens as completely passive & subject to the designs of international drives. While the internal/external dichotomy may serve as a simple heuristic distinction, it possesses little value in accurately reflecting the interaction of forces that affect the democratic process. A neo-Gramscian perspective, focused on the concepts of hegemony & passive revolution, provides one means of integrating internal & external factors: the active efforts of the national & the self-promotional agenda of the international. J. Goldschmidt

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  • Rita Abrahamsen

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