Virtual - Reality - Based Multidimensional Therapy for the Treatment of Body Image Disturbances in Binge Eating Disorders : A Preliminary Controlled Study

  • Riva G
  • Bacchetta M
  • Baruffi M
 et al. 
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Abstract

See, stats, and : https : / / www . researchgate . net / publication / 11079624 Virtual - reality - based - apy in : A . . . . Article DOI : 10 . 1109 / TITB . 2002 . 802372 : PubMed CITATIONS 73 READS 534 4 , including : Some : Locked : Eating " experienced " and " remembered " View Video , Emotional , and Giuseppe Catholic 825 , 143 SEE Margherita I . R . C . C . S . Istituto 18 SEE Enrico Catholic 329 , 733 SEE All . The . Abstract—The main goal of this paper is to preliminary eval - uate the efficacy of a virtual - reality (VR) - based multidimensional approach in the treatment of body image attitudes and related constructs . The female binge eating disorder (BED) patients (= 20) , involved in a residential weight control treatment in - cluding low - calorie diet (1200 cal / day) and physical training , were randomly assigned either to the multidimensional VR treatment or to psychonutritional groups based on the cognitive - behavior approach . Patients were administered a battery of outcome measures assessing eating disorders symptomathology , attitudes toward food , body dissatisfaction , level of anxiety , motivation for change , level of assertiveness , and general psychiatric symptoms . In the short term , the VR treatment was more effective than the traditional cognitive - behavioral psychonutritional groups in improving the overall psychological state of the patients . In particular , —AUTHOR , PLEASE SPELL OUT—ECT was more effective in improving body satisfaction , self - efficacy , and motivation for change . No significant differences were found in the reduction of the binge eating behavior . The possibility of inducing a significant change in body image and its associated behaviors using a VR - based short - term therapy can be useful to improve the body satisfaction in traditional weight reduction programs . However , given the nature of this research that does not include a followup study , the obtained results are preliminary only . Index Terms—Binge eating disorder (BED) , clinical psychology , obesity , virtual reality (VR) .

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Authors

  • Giuseppe Riva

  • Monica Bacchetta

  • Margherita Baruffi

  • Enrico Molinari

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