Vision and eye health in children 36 to <72 months: proposed data definitions.

  • Marsh-Tootle W
  • Russ S
  • Repka M
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PURPOSE: To recommend a standardized approach for measuring progress toward national goals to improve preschool children's eye health.

METHODS: A multidisciplinary panel of experts reviewed existing measures and national vision-related goals during a series of face-to-face meetings and conference calls. The panel used a consensus process, informed by existing data related to delivery of eye and non-eye services to preschool children.

RESULTS: Currently, providers of vision screening and eye examinations lack a system to provide national- or state-level estimates of the proportion of children who receive either a vision screening or an eye examination. The panel developed numerator and denominator definitions to measure rates of children "who completed a vision screening in a medical or community setting using a recommended method, or received an eye examination by an optometrist or ophthalmologist at least once between the ages of 36 to
CONCLUSIONS: Standardized performance measures that include all eye services received by a child are needed at state and national levels to measure progress toward improving preschool children's eye health.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Child
  • Child Welfare
  • Child, Preschool
  • Delivery of Health Care
  • Delivery of Health Care: standards
  • Eye Diseases
  • Eye Diseases: prevention & control
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Ophthalmology
  • Ophthalmology: standards
  • Optometry
  • Optometry: standards
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Vision Disorders
  • Vision Disorders: prevention & control
  • Vision Screening
  • Vision Screening: standards
  • Vision, Ocular
  • Vision, Ocular: physiology

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  • Wendy L Marsh-Tootle

  • Shirley A Russ

  • Michael X Repka

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