In vivo muscle fibre behaviour during counter-movement exercise in humans reveals a significant role for tendon elasticity

  • Kawakami Y
  • Muraoka T
  • Ito S
 et al. 
  • 152

    Readers

    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 134

    Citations

    Citations of this article.

Abstract

Six men performed a single ankle plantar flexion exercise in the supine position with the maximal effort with counter movement (CM, plantar flexion preceded by dorsiflexion) and without counter movement (NoCM, plantar flexion only) produced by a sliding table that controlled applied load to the ankle (40 % of the maximal voluntary force). The reaction force at the foot and ankle joint angle were measured using a force plate and a goniometer, respectively. From real-time ultrasonography of the gastrocnemius medialis muscle during the movement, the fascicle length was determined. The estimated peak force, average power, and work at the Achilles' tendon during the plantar flexion phase in CM were significantly greater than those in NoCM. In CM, in the dorsiflexion phase, fascicle length initially increased with little electromyographic activity, then remained constant while the whole muscle-tendon unit lengthened, before decreasing in the final plantar flexion phase. In NoCM, fascicle length decreased throughout the movement and the fascicle length at the onset of movement was longer than that of the corresponding phase in CM. It was concluded that during CM muscle fibres optimally work almost isometrically, by leaving the task of storing and releasing elastic energy for enhancing exercise performance to the tendon.

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document

Authors

  • Y. Kawakami

  • T. Muraoka

  • S. Ito

  • H. Kanehisa

  • T. Fukunaga

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free