War and Women’s Work: Evidence from the Conflict in Nepal

  • Menon N
  • van der Meulen Rodgers Y
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Abstract

This article examines how Nepal's 1996-2006 civil conflict affected women's decisions to engage in employment. Using three waves of the Nepal Demographic and Health Survey, we employ a difference-in-difference approach to identify the impact of war on women's employment decisions. Results indicate that women's likelihood of employment increased as a consequence of the conflict, a conclusion that holds for self-employment decisions and is robust to numerous sensitivity tests. The findings support the argument that women's additional employment--rather than greater dependence on remittances and subsistence work--serves as an important source of resilience during times of crisis.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Nepal
  • added worker effect
  • conflict
  • employment
  • geography
  • women’s

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