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Waste management systems of dairy cattle farms in Japan

Shima E, Svoboda I, Tsutsumi S, Ohkubo H ...see all
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Abstract

Recently, the size of livestock farms in Japan has been expanding and the pollution from farm wastes has become a serious problem in rural areas. Therefore it is necessary to design treatment strategies and improve the recycling of livestock manure for sustainability of agriculture in Japan. The dairy cattle waste management systems were studied at dairy farms in Aomori prefecture and in Hokkaido, Japan. The four farms, typical for the respective regions in Japan, were investigated on the basis of the land and livestock size, housing, overall farm and waste management, type of machinery and a farm labour force. A statistical comparison was made for housing, milking and waste handling systems of dairy farms. One of the waste handling strategies was aerobic slurry treatment and land irrigation of the treated liquid fraction. Such methods began to solve some of waste management problems created since 1967 in grassland farming areas of Hokkaido. The irrigation system supplies water fertiliser and organic material to land as well as shortening the spreading times. It recycles livestock resources, increases the soil fertility and rationalises the farm management

Author-supplied keywords

  • Aerobic slurry treatment
  • Agricultural
  • Animal manure
  • Animalia
  • Bacteria,Aerobic
  • Bioreactors
  • Bos taurus
  • Cattle slurry
  • Compost
  • Cows
  • Dairy cattle
  • Dairy cow
  • Dairy cows
  • Dairy farm
  • Dairy farming
  • Dairy farms
  • Dairy industry
  • Dairy manure
  • Drainage
  • Environmental
  • Environmental Monitoring
  • Farm
  • Farm management
  • Farms
  • Fertiliser
  • Fertilizers
  • Florida
  • Grassland
  • Grasslands
  • Housing,Animal
  • Japan
  • Japanese
  • Land
  • Land application
  • Livestock farms
  • Livestock waste management
  • Manure
  • Manure management
  • Manures
  • P
  • Prevention
  • Production
  • Reclamation
  • Refuse Disposal
  • Rural
  • Rural areas
  • Soil
  • Soil fertility
  • Statistical methods
  • Storage
  • Strategy
  • Supply
  • Sustainability
  • Sustainable agriculture
  • Sustainable development
  • System
  • Systems
  • Treatment
  • Waste management system
  • Water
  • Water Supply
  • agricultural management
  • agricultural slurry
  • agricultural worker
  • agriculture
  • and
  • animal
  • animal housing
  • animal waste
  • animals
  • area
  • areas
  • cattle
  • cattle farming
  • characteristic
  • characteristics
  • comparative study
  • conditions
  • conference paper
  • cost
  • cow
  • dairies
  • dairy
  • fertilizer
  • herd
  • in
  • irrigation
  • irrigation (agriculture)
  • land spreading
  • livestock
  • machine
  • management
  • milk
  • of
  • organic
  • pollution
  • recycling
  • resource
  • rural area
  • soil pollution control
  • statistical
  • strategies
  • sustainable
  • technology
  • time
  • use
  • utilization
  • waste management

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Authors

  • E Shima

  • I F Svoboda

  • S Tsutsumi

  • H Ohkubo

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