The management and treatment of sludge in developing countries, from on-site sanitation systems has neither been addressed by problem holders nor by researchers. All septic tanks need to be desludged regularly in order to maintain a certain level of treatment efficiency and minimize ecological and eventual marine pollution incidences. Practices followed in developing countries are discussed and lessons learned are emphasized for promoting a sustainable community development. Stakeholder identification and participation and their cooperation thorough the process, as well as new regulations on service provision and management procedures are addresses in this study.
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