Water and sanitation associated with improved child growth

  • Merchant A
  • Jones C
  • Kiure A
 et al. 
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Abstract

DESIGNProspective cohort study.SETTINGA total of 25 483 children aged 6-72 months from rural Sudan enrolled in an 18-month field trial in 1988 to study the effect of vitamin A supplementation on child health and survival.RESULTSThe mean height-for-age z-scores at baseline and the end of study were -1.66 and -1.55, respectively, for the group with water and sanitation facilities, and -2.03 and -1.94 for the group without water and sanitation, after adjustment for age, region, gender, mother's literacy, intervention group (vitamin A vs placebo), family wealth, breastfeeding and cleanliness. Among children of normal height-for-age at baseline, the risk of stunting (

Author-supplied keywords

  • Body Height
  • Breast Feeding
  • Child, Preschool[checkword]
  • Child[checkword]
  • Cohort Studies
  • Diet
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Female[checkword]
  • Growth Disorders [drug therapy] [prevention & cont
  • Growth [drug effects] [physiology]
  • Humans[checkword]
  • Hygiene
  • Infant[checkword]
  • Male[checkword]
  • Placebos
  • Prospective Studies
  • Sanitation
  • Sr-child
  • Sudan
  • Vitamin A [administration & dosage] [therapeutic u
  • Water Supply
  • aged
  • article
  • body height
  • body weight
  • breast feeding
  • child
  • child growth
  • child health
  • clinical trial
  • cohort analysis
  • confidence interval
  • controlled clinical trial
  • controlled study
  • dietary intake
  • environmental sanitation
  • female
  • gender
  • growth disorder
  • growth disorder/ep [Epidemiology]
  • height
  • household
  • human
  • incidence
  • infant
  • logistic regression analysis
  • male
  • mother
  • nutritional disorder
  • nutritional status
  • placebo
  • population research
  • preschool child
  • prospective study
  • randomized controlled trial
  • reading
  • retinol
  • risk
  • risk assessment
  • risk factor
  • sanitation
  • scoring system
  • social status
  • statistical analysis
  • supplementation
  • survival
  • survival rate
  • vitamin supplementation
  • water
  • water quality

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Authors

  • At Merchant

  • C Jones

  • A Kiure

  • R Kupka

  • G Fitzmaurice

  • Mg Herrera

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