Weight response to the soil water potential of the earthworm Aporrectodea longa

  • Kretzschmar A
  • Bruchou C
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Abstract

To assess the ability of endogeic earthworms to telerate variations in soil water potential, groups of these worms were subjected to different, constant levels of soil water suction (Y) over a period of 17 days. At water suctions varying from 0.3 kPa (pF 0.5) to 1990 kPa (pF 4.3), the earthworms showed no physiological ability to a maintain constant internal water content as assessed by the fresh weight. Tthe relationship between weight loss and the increase in water, suction wxas modelled and the following criitical thresholds were identified: Y620 kPa led to diapause; between these two values, earthworm weight was closely governed by the variation in Y. At the intermediate suction of 167 kPa, the exchange of water between the earthworms and the soil was at the maximum, and this value is therefore proposed as the level at which the diapause is induced. These modelled values were compared with those obtained under field conditions.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Aporrectodea longa
  • Earthworm
  • Live weight
  • Soil water potential

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Authors

  • A. Kretzschmar

  • C. Bruchou

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