Surface properties of edible films composed of a polymeric matrix of carrageenan in association with hydrophobic material were studied by contact angle measurements. The use of this technique not only in a static mode but also in a dynamic way enables investigation of surface hydrophobicity as well as surface wettability. The absorption flux inside the material can be estimated from the wetting kinetic, which can be very useful to quickly compare water barrier efficiency of the tested films. Comparison of carrageenan films with films containing known amounts of additives enables understanding and correlation of changes of the surface properties with the nature of used additives (glycerol used as a plasticizer, glycerol monostearate used as a surfactant, and fat) and their influence on the orientation of polymer chains at the surface during film formation. Very different responses were observed from one surface of the film (film-casting-support interface) to the other (film-air interface), which could be also attributed to the influence of the support on the polymer and to macromolecular orientation during drying after casting. © 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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