The purpose of this study was to explore intellectual development using the Perry scheme (1968). The authors present findings from a study involving 139 sophomore, junior, and senior architecture and interior design students who were empirically assessed on global and discipline-specific thought development using the Measure of Intellectual Development and the Measure of Designing. Supporting previous research, students were found in the positions of dualism and multiplicity with global thought development proving more advanced than design thinking. Regardless of disciplinary focus, students approached design process, production, and assessment similarly as evidenced in the qualitative data. Copyright © 2011 Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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