The purpose of this study was to examine women's postpartum stress, social support, and health status at different places of residence during their postpartum periods. Using proportional stratified quota sampling of hospitals by birth rate from clinics and hospitals in Kaohsiung City in southern Taiwan, postpartum married women were recruited for the study. The results show that the home of the women's parents (25.7%), her own home (with parents-in-law; 23.8%), and her own home (without parents or parents-in-law; 23.1%) were the main places of residence for women during the postpartum period. In addition, postpartum women's mean scores for postpartum stress were low. In contrast, the mean scores for social support were high, although they did not differ significantly for the respective places of postpartum residence. Furthermore, significant differences were not found in these women's postpartum health status at each of the places of postpartum residence.
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