Work, family, and mental health: Testing different models of work-family fit

  • Grzywacz J
  • Bass B
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Abstract

Using family resilience theory, this study exam- ined the effects of work-family conflict and work- family facilitation on mental health among work- ing adults to gain a better understanding of work-family fit. Data from the National Survey of Midlife Development in the United States (MI- DUS) were used to compare different combina- tions of work-family conflict and work-family fa- cilitation. Results suggest that family to work facilitation is a family protective factor that offsets and buffers the deleterious effects of work-family conflict on mental health. The results across these outcomes suggest that work-family conflict and fa- cilitation must be considered separately, and that adult mental health is optimized when family to work facilitation is high and family to work and work to family conflict is low.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Family resilience
  • Mental health
  • Problem drinking
  • Work-family fit

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