The work importance study: Recent changes of values in Croatia

  • Šverko B
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Abstract

The paper analyses value change in Croatia, a country that has undergone major political, social, and economic changes since 1990. The instrument used was the Work Importance Study (WIS) Values Scale, a multiscale, Likert-type instrument providing for the assessment of 19 values. In November 1993, the Values Scale was administered to 446 secondary-school students in Zagreb. These data are compared with the 1983 data for 949 secondary-school students from Croatia. In spring 1994, the Values Scale was administered to 298 university students from various departments. These data are compared with the 1983 data for 348 university students of similar departmental composition. The 1983-1993/94 comparison showed that two groups of values changed significantly in both groups of students: utilitarian values and individualistic values increased in importance. An attempt has been made to interpret the changes in the light of the present socio-economic situation in Croatia. The implications for the general problem of durability of psychosocial phenomena are also discussed. Cet article analyse l'evolution des valeurs en Croatie, un pays qui a subi des changements politiques, sociaux et economiques majeurs depuis 1990. On a utilise l'Echelle des Valeurs importantes pour le travail (W.I.S.), une serie d'echelles type Likert permettant d'evaluer 19 valeurs. En novembre 1993, l'Echelle des Valeurs a ete administree a 446 lyceens de Zagreb. Ces donnees sont comparees avec d'autres datant de 1983 fournies par 949 lyceens croates. Au printemps 1994, l'Echelle des Valeurs a ete passee par 298 etudiants relevant de diverses disciplines. Ces donnees sont elles-memes comparees avec celles recueillies en 1983 aupres d'un echantillon de 348 etudiants des memes disciplines. La comparaison entre 1983 et 1993-94 montre que les deux groupes de valeurs ont significativement change aussi bien pour les etudiants que pour les lyceens: les valeurs utilitaires et individualistes ont gagne en... ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR Copyright of Applied Psychology: An International Review is the property of Blackwell Publishing Limited and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts) The paper analyses value change in Croatia, a country that has undergone major political, social, and economic changes since 1990. The instrument used was the Work Importance Study (WIS) Values Scale, a multiscale, Likert-type instrument providing for the assessment of 19 values. In November 1993, the Values Scale was administered to 446 secondary-school students in Zagreb. These data are compared with the 1983 data for 949 secondary-school students from Croatia. In spring 1994, the Values Scale was administered to 298 university students from various departments. These data are compared with the 1983 data for 348 university students of similar departmental composition. The 1983-1993/94 comparison showed that two groups of values changed significantly in both groups of students: utilitarian values and individualistic values increased in importance. An attempt has been made to interpret the changes in the light of the present socio-economic situation in Croatia. The implications for the general problem of durability of psychosocial phenomena are also discussed. Cet article analyse l'evolution des valeurs en Croatie, un pays qui a subi des changements politiques, sociaux et economiques majeurs depuis 1990. On a utilise l'Echelle des Valeurs importantes pour le travail (W.I.S.), une serie d'echelles type Likert permettant d'evaluer 19 valeurs. En novembre 1993, l'Echelle des Valeurs a ete administree a 446 lyceens de Zagreb. Ces donnees sont comparees avec d'autres datant de 1983 fournies par 949 lyceens croates. Au printemps 1994, l'Echelle des Valeurs a ete passee par 298 etudiants relevant de diverses disciplines. Ces donnees sont elles-memes comparees avec celles recueillies en 1983 aupres d'un echantillon de 348 etudiants des memes disciplines. La comparaison entre 1983 et 1993-94 montre que les deux groupes de valeurs ont significativement change aussi bien pour les etudiants que pour les lyceens: les valeurs utilitaires et individualistes ont gagne en... ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR Copyright of Applied Psychology: An International Review is the property of Blackwell Publishing Limited and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts)

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Authors

  • Branimir Šverko

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