Working Memory Span Development: A Time-Based Resource-Sharing Model Account

  • Barrouillet P
  • Gavens N
  • Vergauwe E
 et al. 
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Abstract

The time-based resource-sharing model (P. Barrouillet, S. Bernardin, & V. Camos, 2004) assumes that during complex working memory span tasks, attention is frequently and surreptitiously switched from processing to reactivate decaying memory traces before their complete loss. Three experiments involving children from 5 to 14 years of age investigated the role of this reactivation process in developmental differences in working memory spans. Though preschoolers seem to adopt a serial control without any attempt to refresh stored items when engaged in processing, the reactivation process is efficient from age 7 onward and increases in efficiency until late adolescence, underpinning a sizable part of developmental differences.

Author-supplied keywords

  • cognitive development
  • complex spans
  • working memory

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Authors

  • valerie CamosUniversite de Fribourg

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  • Pierre Barrouillet

  • Nathalie Gavens

  • Evie Vergauwe

  • Vinciane Gaillard

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