Wsparcie społeczne i jego wpływ na zdrowie pacjentów po zawałach serca. [Social support and its effect on health of patients after cardiac infarcts.]

  • Wilski M
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Social support is one of the most important factors influencing people's health. While the relation between the support and health is obvious for everyone, the way in which the support affects the functioning of the human body still remains unclear. Previous attempts to explain the role of social support in aetiology and prognosis of circulatory system diseases can be attributed to one of the two most popular concepts at the moment--a psychological concept or a behavioural concept. Some researchers suggest that for the change of health behaviour and its maintaining in time instrumental support is most important, which supports the behavioural concept, whereas emotional support affects mainly neurohormonal processes as emphasised by psychological concepts. In relation to the above it is useful to check how certain types of support affect the health behaviour of patients after cardiac infarcts. The research presented in his study was aimed to answer two basic research questions: Does social support affect the level of health behaviour of patients after cardiac infarcts?; Is there a difference in the significance of individual types of social support for the development of health behaviour of patients after cardiac infarcts? The results obtained in the research suggest that there is an important relation between the level of general social support and the presented health behaviour. The thesis abort greater significance of instrumental support for the health behaviour compared to emotional support was not however confirmed. The results suggest that there is no significant difference in the significance of these types of support for health behaviour. On the other hand, informative support stands out among all types of support and its significance for the development of health behaviour seems critical. Hence, quite an obvious conclusion about a significant role of education and expanding a patient's knowledge on his or her own illness in the process of development of health behaviour. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved)

Author-supplied keywords

  • cardiac infarcts
  • etiology
  • health behavior
  • patients health
  • prognosis
  • social support

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  • Maciej Wilski

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