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Assessment of evidence for a protective role of vitamin D in multiple sclerosis.

by H E C Hanwell, B Banwell
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Basis of Disease ()
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Abstract

Evidence for a role of vitamin D insufficiency in determining risk in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is supported by studies in both pediatric- and adult-onset patients. The potential role of vitamin D in modulating MS disease activity is an area of active clinical trials research, and the possibility of primary disease prevention with vitamin D supplementation in early life is an emerging concept. With Sir Austin Bradford Hill's criteria as a framework, the present review assesses the evidence for a causal relationship between vitamin D insufficiency and the pathobiology of MS, and discusses rationale for future clinical trials with vitamin D. 2010 Elsevier B.V.

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