Effects of Personality Traits on Entrepreneurial Intentions : An Empirical Study in Iran

by Kiumars Zarafshani, Somayeh Rajabi
International Journal of Management ()

Abstract

The relationship between students’ personality styles and their intentions to become an entrepreneur after completing a course in entrepreneurship education were examined among a random sample of undergraduate students (n = 280) in Razi University, Iran . A back-translated version of the Entrepreneurial Intention Scale (Linan & Chen, 2008) was used to measure students’ intentions to starting their own business venture. The Myers Briggs Type Indicator Form G (Mayers, 1977) was used to measure students’ personality style. The instrument was back-translated into the Persian language and minor adjustments were made. Results indicated that the majority of the students were scored as either ENTJ, ISTJ, ESFJ, or ESTP on the Myer Briggs Type Indicator. The students in this study had a moderate intention for a new business start-up. The researchers found that students with Extraversion and Sensing personality types had higher levels of entrepreneurial intentions than students with Introversion and Intuitive styles. The results have implications for higher education in that entrepreneurship educators should not adopt a “one style fits all” approach in the classroom.

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