Skip to content

Gadolinium-enhanced MR angiography of spinal arteriovenous malformation

by Margaret H. Pui
Clinical Imaging ()
Get full text at journal


Patients with spinal arteriovenous malformation (AVM) have progressive or fluctuating neurological dysfunction because of hemorrhage, venous hypertension, vascular steal phenomenon, or mass effect from venous varicosity. Spinal AVM is classified into four types based on angiographic and operative findings. Conventional diagnostic methods include magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), supine myelogram, and angiogram. MRI can localize the vascular nidus in the cord, but it may sometimes be normal. Spinal angiogram is the definitive diagnostic modality. It is technically demanding and time consuming, requiring catheterization of all spinal vascular pedicles. MR angiography is fast and multiplanar, and it may shorten the duration of catheter angiography by demonstrating the level of feeders. Images of MRI, magnetic resonance angiography (MRA), and catheter angiogram are presented to illustrate the correlation and diagnosis of spinal AVM. ?? 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Cite this document (BETA)

Readership Statistics

7 Readers on Mendeley
by Discipline
71% Medicine and Dentistry
14% Agricultural and Biological Sciences
14% Neuroscience
by Academic Status
29% Student > Postgraduate
14% Professor > Associate Professor
14% Lecturer

Sign up today - FREE

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research. Learn more

  • All your research in one place
  • Add and import papers easily
  • Access it anywhere, anytime

Start using Mendeley in seconds!

Sign up & Download

Already have an account? Sign in