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Heterochromatin, synaptonemal complex, and NOR activity in the somatic and germ cells of a male domestic dog, Canis familiaris (Mammalia, Canidae).

by S Pathak, P Van Tuinen, D E Merry
Cytogenetics and cell genetics ()


C-banding and silver staining of the somatic and germ cells of the male domestic dog. Canis familiaris, have shown that: (1) the amount of C-banding is small compared to most other mammalian species, (2) three pairs of autosomes have nucleolus organizer regions (NORs) at the terminal ends of their long arms, whereas the Y chromosome has an NOR on the terminal end of the short arm, (3) the organization of the synaptonemal complex (SC) is similar to that of other mammalian species, (4) a distinct SC is formed between the long arm of the Y chromosome and probably the short arm of the X chromosome, and (5) the differential axes of both sex chromosomes do not demonstrate fusiform thickenings nor do they stain darkly with silver as do the XY bivalents in many other mammalian species.

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