Membrane bioreactors vs conventional biological treatment of landfill leachate: A brief review
- ISSN: 02682575
- DOI: 10.1002/jctb.1072
A review of quality and biological treatment of landfill leachate is presented. Conventional ex-situ treatment normally demands multistage process treatment schemes, which may encompass both aerobic and anaerobic technologies alongside chemical precipitation and/or oxidation. This is to be contrasted with the more recent membrane bioreactor technology, which generally demands much reduced pre- and post-treatment and has a much reduced footprint compared with conventional biotreatment. Results are summarised in terms of the key determinant of COD removal for waters characterised in terms of BOD/COD ratio and age. Process operation is characterised with respect to COD strength and loading rate, hydraulic retention time and number of individual unit operations. © 2004 Society of Chemical Industry.