Skip to content

Modulation of Kinesin Half-Site ADP Release and Kinetic Processivity by a Spacer between the Head Groups

by David D. Hackney, Maryanne F. Stock, Jodi Moore, Reid A. Patterson
Biochemistry ()
Get full text at journal


A series of modifications of the junction of the neck linker and neck coil of dimeric Drosophila kinesin were constructed to determine the influence of head orientation and spacing on the ATPase kinetics. Ala(345) is the first residue in the coiled-coil of the neck, and its replacement with glycine or proline produces no significant change in the k(cat) or K(0.5(MT)) values for activation of their ATPase by microtubules (MTs) or in their k(bi(ratio)) value for the average number of ATP molecules hydrolyzed during a processive encounter with a MT. Addition or deletion of a single amino acid at the junction produces only modest changes with less than a 2-fold reduction in kinetic processivity. Insertion of a spacer of 6 or 12 additional amino acids at the neck linker junction increases the K(0.5(MT)) value by 3-4-fold with a corresponding decrease in kinetic processivity. The sliding velocities of all the mutant constructs under multimotor conditions are within 30% of the wild-type value. All the constructs with single residue changes exhibit half-site ADP release on binding to MTs. The constructs with long insertion, however, rapidly release both ADP molecules per dimer on binding to a MT, indicating that the steric constraints that prevent release of ADP from the tethered head of wild-type kinesin have been relieved by the long insertions. The constructs with long inserts have decreased kinetic processivity and dissociate from the MT during ATP hydrolysis 3-fold faster than wild-type.

Cite this document (BETA)

Readership Statistics

23 Readers on Mendeley
by Discipline
61% Agricultural and Biological Sciences
22% Physics and Astronomy
4% Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
by Academic Status
30% Researcher
22% Professor > Associate Professor
13% Student > Ph. D. Student
by Country
4% United States


Sign up today - FREE

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research. Learn more

  • All your research in one place
  • Add and import papers easily
  • Access it anywhere, anytime

Start using Mendeley in seconds!

Sign up & Download

Already have an account? Sign in