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Obsessive compulsive disorder is not an anxiety disorder

by Stuart A Montgomery
International clinical psychopharmacology ()


Presents a series of arguments for not classifying obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) as an anxiety disorder in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV (DSM-IV). This is different from the European tradition, which recognizes OCD as a separate entity. Support for a neurological basis for OCD is presented. While many OCD sufferers also have marked symptoms of anxiety, these are not present in all cases, and their presence is not sufficient reason for categorizing OCD as an anxiety disorder. Some drugs thought to be anxiolytic have not been effective in treating OCD. The only successful pharmacotherapeutic intervention has been with antidepressants with potent serotonin reuptake inhibition properties. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2008 APA, all rights reserved)

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