OH and HO2 radical chemistry during PROPHET 2008 and CABINEX 2009 - Part 1: Measurements and model comparison
Hydroxyl (OH) and hydroperoxyl (HO2) radicals are key species driving the oxidation of volatile organic compounds that can lead to the production of ozone and secondary organic aerosols. Previous measurements of these radicals in forest environments with high isoprene, low NOx conditions have shown serious discrepancies with modeled concentrations, bringing into question the current understanding of isoprene oxidation chemistry in these environments. During the summers of 2008 and 2009, OH and peroxy radical concentrations were measured using a laser-induced fluorescence instrument as part of the PROPHET (Program for Research on Oxidants: PHotochemistry, Emissions, and Transport) and CABINEX (Community Atmosphere-Biosphere INteractions EXperiment) campaigns at a forested site in northern Michigan. Supporting measurements of photolysis rates, volatile organic compounds, NOx (NO + NO2) and other inorganic species were used to constrain a zero-dimensional box model based on the Regional Atmospheric Chemistry Mechanism, modified to include the Mainz Isoprene Mechanism (RACM-MIM). The CABINEX model OH predictions were in good agreement with the measured OH concentrations, with an observed-to-modeled ratio near one (0.70 +/- 0.31) for isoprene mixing ratios between 1-2 ppb on average. The measured peroxy radical concentrations, reflecting the sum of HO2 and isoprene-based peroxy radicals, were generally lower than predicted by the box model in both years.
N. Carslaw, D. J. Creasey, D. Harrison, D. E. Heard, M. C. Hunter, P. J. Jacobs, et al. in Atmospheric Environment (2001)
Urban atmospheric chemistry during the PUMA campaign 1: Comparison of modelled OH and HO2 concentrations with measurementsK. M. Emmerson, N. Carslaw, L. J. Carpenter, D. E. Heard, J. D. Lee, M. J. Pilling in Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry (2005)
Daniel Stone, Lisa K. Whalley, Dwayne E. Heard, S. Saunders, M. Jenkin, R. Derwent, et al. in Chemical Society Reviews (2012)
Daniel Stone, Lisa K Whalley, Dwayne E Heard in Chemical Society Reviews (2012)
Eastern Atlantic Spring Experiment 1997 (EASE97) 1. Measurements of OH and HO2 concentrations at Mace Head, IrelandD. J. Creasey, D. E. Heard, J. D. Lee in Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres (2002)
Related Full-Text Papers for Free
Sign up to download and organize them across all your devices with Mendeley, for free.