Planning Policy Statement 22: Renewable Energy
Planning Policy Statements (PPS) set out the Government’s national policies for different aspects of land use planning in England. This PPS replaces Planning Policy Guidance Note 22 (PPG22) issued in 1993, the annexes issued in 1994 and the photovoltaics annex issued in 2002. The policies set out in this statement will need to be taken into account by regional planning bodies and the Mayor of London in the preparation of regional spatial strategies (or the Spatial Development Strategy in London), and by local planning authorities in the preparation of local development documents. They may also be material to decisions on individual planning applications. National policies set out in other planning policy statements or PPGs may also be relevant to consideration of planning for renewable energy. For the purposes of this PPS, renewable energy covers those energy flows that occur naturally and repeatedly in the environment – from the wind, the fall of water, the movement of the oceans, from the sun and also from biomass. Policies in this statement therefore cover technologies such as onshore wind generation, hydro, photovoltaics, passive solar, biomass and energy crops, energy from waste (but not energy from mass incineration of domestic waste), and landfill and sewage gas. The principles for making decisions on waste management are set out in PPG10 (Planning and Waste Management) and Waste Strategy 2000. As the land use planning system does not extend offshore, the policies do not apply to developments for offshore renewables. Nor does the statement cover combined heat and power (CHP) developments, although, given that some CHP projects are fuelled by a renewable resource, a number of the policies set out here may be relevant. A companion guide is being produced to accompany this PPS. This will include a technical annex, which gives more details about particular technologies, as well as including a range of good practice guidance on planning and renewable energy.