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Reflections on the Causes of Regional Imbalances in the Indian Economy

by Jagjit S Khanna
Guru Nanak Journal of Sociology ()


Increasing regional imbalances are apparent in the economy of India. This process began with the colonial transformation of the Indian economy after the industrial revolution in the UK. Capitalist development in India, in itself, produced unbalanced regional development, which was accentuated in post-Independence India. This is explained by "cumulative causation": differences in the ability of different regions to grow, due to agrarian relations; difficulties due to low incomes & consumption; the "demonstration effect"; & other factors that work to keep Indians poor. Only active growth-oriented state intervention can correct this problem. 1 Table, Appendix. Modified HA (Copyright 1982, Sociological Abstracts, Inc., all rights reserved.)

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