The relationship between creativity and intelligence.
Researchers have long pondered the relationship between intelligence and creativity, and practitioners have wondered about the importance of each construct in respect to what should be emphasized in schools to develop high level abilities. This chapter lays out what we know about each construct from research and how the two constructs relate to each other. It examines claims that intelligence and creativity are interrelated as well as claims suggesting they are separate constructs based on meta-analytic findings. Genetics research is also reviewed noting the prevalent view of the power of the environment impacting genetic potential. Research on intelligence testing is presented noting the relationship of IQ to life success and failure and national/cultural well-being and dominance. The savant syndrome is also discussed as an anomaly of intelligence. We also review creativity research on personality, the creative process, and its products. The chapter further explores evidence suggesting that creativity development for all students may be an important strategy for world societies to promote as they wish to elevate their quality of life. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved). (chapter)