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The rise of graphene.

by Ye Lu, Brett R Goldsmith, Nicholas J Kybert, A T Charlie Johnson, Sang Hoon Sukang Bae, Hyeongkeun Hye-Young Kim, Youngbin Lee, Xiangfan Xu, Jae-Sung Jong Bo Park, Yi Zheng, Jayakumar Balakrishnan, Tian Lei, Hye Ri Kim, Young Il Song, Young-Jin Kim, Kwang S. Kim, Barbaros Özyilmaz, Jong-Hyun Hyun Ahn, Byung Hee Hong, Sumio Iijima, a K Geim, K S Novoselov, Sang Hoon Sukang Bae, Youngbin Lee, Bhupendra K Sharma, Hak Joo Lee, Jae Hyun Kim, Jong-Hyun Hyun Ahn, J B Buse, K S Polonsky, C F Burant, Xiangping Chen, Lili Zhang, Shanshan Chen, Yongki Seok Choi, Tivoli J Olsen, Patrick C Sims, Issa S Moody, Brad L Corso, Mytrang N Dang, Gregory A Weiss, Philip G Collins, Committee on Lyme Disease and Other Tick-Borne Diseases, Nico J de Mol, Marcel J E Fischer, John J Dunn, Barbara N Lade, Alan G Barbour, Eva Engvall, Peter Perlmann, Ali Esfandiar, Nicholas J Kybert, Eric N Dattoli, Gang Hee Han, Mitchell B Lerner, Omid Akhavan, Azam Irajizad, A T Charlie Johnson, Libo Gao, Wencai Ren, Huilong Xu, Li Jin, Zhenxing Wang, Teng Ma, Lai-Peng Ma, Zhiyong Zhang, Qiang Fu, Lian-Mao Peng, Xinhe Bao, Hui-Ming Cheng, Yinxi Huang, Xiaochen Dong, Yuxin Liu, Lain-Jong Li, Peng Chen, Junmo Kang, Dolly Shin, Sang Hoon Sukang Bae, Byung Hee Hong, Seyoung Sang Jin Kim, Teajun Choi, Bora Lee, Sunwoo Lee, Kyoungjun Choi, Jae-Sung Jong Bo Park, Je Min Yoo, Yongki Seok Choi, Jaechul Ryu, Philip Kim, James Hone, Byung Hee Hong, Toshiyuki Kobayashi, Masashi Bando, Nozomi Kimura, Keisuke Shimizu, Koji Kadono, Nobuhiko Umezu, Kazuhiko Miyahara, Shinji Hayazaki, Sae Nagai, Yukiko Mizuguchi, Yosuke Murakami, Daisuke Hobara, Shishir Kumar, Nikos Peltekis, Kangho Lee, Hyeongkeun Hye-Young Kim, Georg Stefan Duesberg, Nicholas J Kybert, Gang Hee Han, Mitchell B Lerner, Eric N Dattoli, Ali Esfandiar, A T Charlie Johnson, Felipe Matsunaga, Gang Hee Han, Sung Ju Hong, Jin Xi, Alexander Crook, Jose Manuel Perez-Aguilar, Yung Woo Park, Jeffery G Saven, Renyu Liu, A T Charlie Johnson, James M Resczenski, Akshay Amin, Robert R Johnson, Jonas I Goldsmith, A T Charlie Johnson, Xuesong Li, Weiwei Cai, Jinho An, Seyoung Sang Jin Kim, Junghyo Nah, Dongxing Yang, Richard Piner, Aruna Velamakanni, Inhwa Jung, Emanuel Tutuc, Sanjay K Banerjee, Luigi Colombo, Rodney S Ruoff, Ye Lu, Mitchell B Lerner, Zhengqing John Qi, Joseph J Mitala, Jong Hsien Lim, Bohdana M Discher, A T Charlie Johnson, Charles Mackin, Tomás Palacios, K S Novoselov, a K Geim, S V Morozov, D Jiang, Y Zhang, S V Dubonos, I V Grigorieva, A A Firsov, Nir Qvit, Marie-Helene Disatnik, Jie Sho, Daria Mochly-Rosen, John L Schmitz, Stephanie Schonegg, Alexandru T Constantinescu, Carsten Hoege, Anthony A Hyman, Steven E Schutzer, P K Coyle, John J Dunn, Benjamin J Luft, Michael Brunner, Frank Schwierz, Eri Uesugi, Hidenori Goto, Ritsuko Eguchi, Akihiko Fujiwara, Yoshihiro Kubozono, N J Verkaik, C P de Vogel, W J B van Wamel, A van Belkum, N C S Vieira, J Borme, G Machado Jr., F Cerqueira, P P Freitas, V Zucolotto, N M R Peres, P Alpuim, J N Weiss, Jilin Xia, Fang Chen, Jinghong Li, Nongjian Tao, Sophia Yan, Beibei Zhan, Chen Li, Jun Yang, Gareth Jenkins, Wei Huang, Xiaochen Dong, Baolin Zhang, Yi Zheng, Shou En Zhu, Murali Krishna Ghatkesar, Chao Zhang, G C A M Janssen, Yuan Li, Nitin Chopra show all authors
Applied Physics Letters ()
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Abstract

Graphene is a rapidly rising star on the horizon of materials science and condensed-matter physics. This strictly two-dimensional material exhibits exceptionally high crystal and electronic quality, and, despite its short history, has already revealed a cornucopia of new physics and potential applications, which are briefly discussed here. Whereas one can be certain of the realness of applications only when commercial products appear, graphene no longer requires any further proof of its importance in terms of fundamental physics. Owing to its unusual electronic spectrum, graphene has led to the emergence of a new paradigm of 'relativistic' condensed-matter physics, where quantum relativistic phenomena, some of which are unobservable in high-energy physics, can now be mimicked and tested in table-top experiments. More generally, graphene represents a conceptually new class of materials that are only one atom thick, and, on this basis, offers new inroads into low-dimensional physics that has never ceased to surprise and continues to provide a fertile ground for applications.

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