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Validation of a sensitive LC/MS/MS method for simultaneous quantitation of flupentixol and melitracene in human plasma.

by Jinjing Che, Qingfang Meng, Zhihang Chen, Chengqi San, Yunan Hou, Yuanguo Cheng
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis ()
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A sensitive method has been developed and validated, using LC/ESI-MS/MS, for simultaneous quantitation of flupentixol and melitracen--antidepressant drugs, in human plasma. The quantitation of the target compounds was determined in a positive ion mode and multiple reaction monitoring (MRM). The method involved a repeated liquid-liquid extraction with diethyl ether and analytes were chromatographed on a C(8) chromatographic column by elution with acetonitrile-water-formic acid (36:64:1, v/v/v) and analyzed by tandem mass spectrometry. The method was validated over the concentration ranges of 26.1-2090 pg/ml for flupentixol and 0.206-4120 ng/ml for melitracen. The correlation coefficients of both analyst were >0.998 for six sets of calibration curves. The recovery was 60.9-75.1% for flupentixol, melitracen and internal standard. The lower limit of quantitation (LLOQ) detection was 26.1 pg/ml for flupentixol and 0.206 ng/ml for melitracen. Intra- and inter-day precision of the assay at three concentrations were 2.15-5.92% with accuracy of 97.6-103.0% for flupentixol and 0.5-6.36% with accuracy of 98.7-101.7% for melitracen. Stability of compounds was established in a battery of stability studies, i.e., bench-top, autosampler and long-term storage stability as well as freeze/thaw cycles. The method proved to be suitable for bioequivalence study of flupentixol and melitracen in healthy human male volunteers.

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