Skip to content

Grammar Is Grammar and Usage Is Usage

by Frederick J. Newmeyer
Language ()
Get full text at journal


A number of disparate approaches to language, ranging from cognitive linguistics to stochastic implementations of optimality theory, have challenged the classical distinction between knowledge of language and use of language. Supporters of such approaches point to the functional motivation of grammatical structure, language users' sensitivity to the frequency of occurrence of grammatical elements, and the great disparity between sentences that grammars generate and speakers' actual utterances. In this article I defend the classical position, and provide evidence from a number of sources that speakers mentally represent full grammatical structure, however fragmentary their utterances might be. The article also questions the relevance of most corpus-based frequency and probability studies to models of individual grammatical competence. I propose a scenario for the origins and evolution of language that helps to explain why grammar and usage are as distinct as they are.

Cite this document (BETA)

Readership Statistics

159 Readers on Mendeley
by Discipline
72% Linguistics
9% Social Sciences
6% Psychology
by Academic Status
24% Student > Ph. D. Student
13% Professor > Associate Professor
13% Researcher
by Country
7% United States
6% Germany
2% Spain

Sign up today - FREE

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research. Learn more

  • All your research in one place
  • Add and import papers easily
  • Access it anywhere, anytime

Start using Mendeley in seconds!

Sign up & Download

Already have an account? Sign in